Andrew Heathcote

 

Position Professor of Quantitative Psychology
Faculty / Division Faculty of Science and Information Technology
School of Psychology
Telephone +61 2 4921 6778
Facsimile +61 2 4921 6906
Email andrew.heathcote@newcastle.edu.au
Location Psychology Building
Room AVG02
Callaghan, 2308, NSW, Australia
Qualifications - BSc, University of Tasmania
- PhD, Queens University
Learned Pop-out in Search for Relative Position
Research Areas

Recognition Memory

Rapid Choice

Research Groups - The Newcastle Cognition Lab
- Human Experimental and Applied Dynamics (HEAD) Research Group
Teaching Interests - Introduction in Cognition
- Advanced Statistics
- Topics in Cognition
Principal Graduate Advisor

- Lee Averell
- Natalie Close
- Melissa Prince
- Alex Provost
- Dane Poboka
- Nicole Reece
- Ken Sutton

 

University Research Report Link to Researcher Report

 

Submitted

Averell, L., Prince, M., Heathcote, A. (2013) Fundamental causes of variability in recognition memory. Journal of Memory and Language

Prince, M., & Heathcote, A. (2013) Is the encoding of unfamiliar faces special?

Accepted

Poboka, D., Karayanidis, F. & Heathcote, A. (2014) Extending the Failure-to-Engage Theory of task switch costs. Cognitive Psychology.   pdf

In Press

Evans, N.J., Howard, Z.L., Heathcote, A. & Brown, S.D. (in press) Model Flexibility Analysis does not measure the persuasiveness of a fit. Psychological Review   pdf

Heathcote, A., Coleman, J., Eidels, A., Watson, J., Houpt, J. W., & Strayer, D. (2015) Working memory's workload capacity. Memory & Cognition.   pdf

Mullens, D., Woodley, J., Whitson, L., Provost, A., Heathcote, A., Winkler, I. & Todd, J. (2014) Altering the primacy bias - How does a prior task affect mismatch negativity (MMN). Psychophysiology   pdf

Rouder, J.N., Morey, R.N., Gomez, P.I. & Heathcote, A. (2014) The Lognormal Race: A cognitive-process model of choice and latency with desirable psychometric properties. Psychometrika.   pdf

In Print

2015

Terry, A., Marley, A.A.J., Barnwal, A., Wagenmakers, E.-J., Heathcote, A., & Brown, S.D. (2015) Generalising the drift rate distribution for linear ballistic accumulators Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 68-69, 4958   pdf

Trueblood,J., Heathcote,A., & Brown,S.D. (2015) The Fragile Nature of Contextual Preference Reversals: Reply to Tsetsos, Chater, and Usher. Psychological Review, 122(4), 848-853.

2014

Cassey, P., Heathcote, A., & Brown, S. D. (2014) Brain and Behavior in Decision-Making. PLoS Computational Biology, 10(7), e1003700. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003700   pdf

Hawkins, G. E., Marley, A. A. J., Heathcote, A., Flynn, T. N., Louviere, J. J., & Brown, S. D. (2014) Integrating cognitive process and descriptive models of attitudes and preferences. Cognitive Science, 38, 701-735   pdf   download the fitting code

Hawkins, G. E., Marley, A. A. J., Heathcote, A., Flynn, T. N., Louviere, J. J., & Brown, S. D. (2014) The best of times and the worst of times are interchangeable. Decision, 1(3), 192-214.   pdf

Heathcote, A., Brown, S.D. & Wagenmakers, E-J. (2014) The Falsifiability of Actual Decision-Making Models Psychological Review, 121, 676-678   pdf

Mittner, M., Boekel, W., Tucker, A., Turner, b., Heathcote, A. & Forstmann, B. U. (2014) When the brain takes a break: A model-based analysis of mind wandering. Journal of Neuroscience, 34(49),16286-16295.   pdf

Rae, B., Heathcote, A., Donkin, C., Averell, L., & Brown, S. (2014) The hare and the tortoise: Emphasizing speed can change the evidence used to make decisions. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory & Cognition, 40, 1226-1243.   pdf

Todd, J., Heathcote, A., Whitson, L. R., Mullens, D., Provost, A. & Winkler, I. (2014) Mismatch negativity (MMN) to pitch change is susceptible to order dependent bias. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 8, 180.   pdf

Trueblood, J., Brown, S.D., & Heathcote, A. (2014) The multi-attribute linear ballistic accumulator model of context effects in multi-alternative choice. Psychological Review, 112, 179-205

Whitson, L.R., Karayanidis, F., Fulham, R., Provost, A., Michie, P., Heathcote, A. & Hsieh, S. (2014) Reactive control processes contributing to residual switch cost and mixing cost in young and old adults. Frontiers in Psychology. [Abstract]

2013

Provost, A., Johnson, B., Karayanidis, F., Brown, S. & Heathcote, A. (2013) Two routes to expertise in mental rotation. Cognitive Science, 37 (7) 13211342.   pdf

Todd, J., Heathcote, A., Mullens, D., Whitson, L., Provost, A. & Winkler, I. (2013) What controls gain in gain control? Mismatch negativity (MMN), priors and system biases. Brain Topography, 1-13.

Todd, J., Provost, A., Whitson, L., Cooper, G. & Heathcote, A. (2013) Not so primitive: Context sensitive meta-learning about unattended sound sequences. ournal of Neurophysiology, 109, 99-105.

Trueblood, J., Brown, S.D., Heathcote, A. & Busemeyer, J. (2013) Not just for consumers: Context effects are fundamental to decision-making. Psychological Science, 24(6), 901-908.   pdf

2012

Heathcote, A. & Hayes, B. (2012) Diffusion versus Linear Ballistic Accumulation: Different models for response time with different conclusions about psychological mechanisms? Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 66,125-136.   pdf

Heathcote,A. & Love,J. (2012) Linear deterministic accumulator models of simple choice. Frontiers in Cognitive Science,3,292.   pdf

Prince, M., Brown, S.D., & Heathcote, A. (2012) The design and analysis of state-trace experiments Psychological Methods, 17(1), 78-99.   pdf   Click here to download the data

Prince, M., Hawkins, G., Love, J., Heathcote, A. (2012) An R package for State-Trace Analysis. Behavior Research Methods, 44, 644-655.   pdf

Todd, J., Mullens, D., Woodley, J., Whitson, L., Provost, A., Cooper, G., Heathcote, A. (2012) When learning gets stuck: An automatic bias that alters probability sampling in the unattended auditory environment International Journal of Psychophysiology

2011

Averell, L., Heathcote, A. (2011) The form of the forgetting curve and the fate of memories. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 55, 23-35.   pdf

Dodds, P., Donkin, C., Brown, S. D. & Heathcote, A. (2011) Increasing Capacity: Practice Effects in Absolute Identification Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory & Cognition, 37(2), 477-492.   pdf

Dodds, P., Donkin, C., Brown, S. D., Heathcote, A., Marley, A. A. J. (2011) Stimulus-Specific Learning: Disrupting the Bow Effect in Absolute Identification Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, 73(6), 1977-1986.   pdf

Donkin, C., Brown, S., Heathcote, A., & Wagenmakers, E.J. (2011) Diffusion versus Linear Ballistic Accumulation: Different Models for Response Time, Same Conclusions about Psychological Mechanisms? Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 55, 140-151.   pdf

Donkin, C., Brown, S.D. & Heathcote, A. (2011) Drawing conclusions from choice response time models: a tutorial. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 55(2), 140-151   pdf

Karayanidis, F., Provost, A., Brown, S.D., Paton, B., & Heathcote, A. (2011) Switch-specific and general preparation map onto different ERP components in a task-switching paradigm Psychophysiology, 48(4), 559-568.   pdf

Karayanidis, F.Whitson, L.R., Heathcote, A. & Michie, P. (2011) Variability in proactive and reactive cognitive control processes across the adult lifespan Frontiers in Cognition, 2: 318.   http://www.frontiersin.org/Journal/Abstract.aspx?s

Mansfield, E. L., Karayanidis, F., Jamadar, S., Heathcote, A., Forstmann,B.U. (2011) Preparatory adjustments of response threshold during task switching: a model-based fMRI study. Journal of Neuroscience, 31, 14688-14692, DOI:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2390-11  

2010

Averell, L., Heathcote, A. (2010) Posterior distribution analysis of the retention of briefly studied words. In W.Christensen, E. Schier, and J. Sutton (Eds.), ASCS09: Proceedings of the 9th Conference of the Australasian Society for Cognitive Science (pp. 5-11). Sydney: Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science. DOI: 10.5096/ASCS20092 http://www.maccs.mq.edu.au/news/conferences/2009/ASCS2009/html/averell.html   pdf

Dodds, P., Donkin, D., Brown, S.D., Heathcote, A. (2010) Multidimensional scaling methods for absolute identification data In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (Eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Portland, OR: Cognitive Science Society.   pdf

Donkin, C., Shiffrin, R., Brown, S., & Heathcote, A. (2010) Does micro-variability make models more complex? A comparison between diffusion and linear evidence accumulation Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Portland, OR: Cognitive Science Society.   pdf

Eidels, A., Donkin, C., Brown, S.D. & Heathcote, A. (2010) Converging measures of workload capacity Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 17, 763-771.   pdf

Freeman, E., Heathcote, A., Chalmers, K. & Hockley, W. (2010) Item effects in recognition memory for words, 62, 1-18. Journal of Memory and Language   pdf

Hawkins, G., Prince, M., Brown, S., & Heathcote, A. (2010) Designing state-trace experiments to assess the number of latent psychological variables underlying binary choices. In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (Eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Portland, OR: Cognitive Science Society.   pdf

Heathcote, A., Bora, B. & Freeman, E. (2010) Modeling choice-similarity effects in episodic recognition. Journal of Memory and Language,62, 183-203.   pdf

Heathcote, A., Brown, S.D., Wagenmakers, E-J. & Eidels, A. (2010) Distribution-free tests of stochastic dominance for small samples, 54, 454-463. Journal of Mathematical Psychology   pdf   Click here to download R code for the Three-choice Bayes Test

Karayanidis, F., Jamadar, S., Ruge, H., Phillips, N., Heathcote, A., Forstmann, B.U. (2010) Advance preparation in task-switching: Converging evidence from behavioral, brain activation, and model-based approaches. Frontiers in Psychology, 1:25, doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2010.00025  

Prince, M., Heathcote, A. (2010) The Disproportionate Face Inversion Effect in Recognition Memory S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (Eds.). Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin TX: Cognitive Science Society.   pdf

Smith, J.L., Smith, E.A., Provost, A.L. & Heathcote, A. (2010) Sequence effects support the conflict theory of N2 and P3 in the Go/NoGo task International Journal of Psychophysiology, 75, 217-226   pdf  

2009

Averell, L., Heathcote, A. (2009) Long term implicit and explicit memory for briefly studied words. In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (Eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society. ISBN 978-0-9768318-5-3   pdf

Brown, S.D., Marley, A.A.J., Dodds, P., & Heathcote, A.J. (2009) Purely relative models cannot provide a general account of absolute identification. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 16, p.583-593   pdf

Close, N., Heathcote, A., Ellinghaus, F. & Wright, T. (2009) Coherence based reasoning and models of contract law. In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (Eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society. ISBN 978-0-9768318-5-3   pdf

Dodds, P., Donkin, C., Brown, S. & Heathcote, A. (2009) Revising the limits of learning in Absolute Identification. In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (Eds.),Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society. ISBN 978-0-9768318-5-3   pdf

Donkin, C., Averell, L., Brown, S.D., & Heathcote, A. (2009) Getting more from accuracy and response time data: Methods for fitting the Linear Ballistic Accumulator model. Behavior Research Methods, 41, 1095-1110   pdf   Click here to download the code for fitting the LBA

Donkin, C., Brown, S.D, & Heathcote, A. (2009) The over-constraint of response time models: Rethinking the scaling problem. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 16, 1129-1135   pdf

Donkin, C., Brown, S.D. & Heathcote, A. (2009) ChoiceKey: A real-time speech recognition program for psychology experiments with a small response set. Behavior Research Methods, 41, 154-162.   pdf   download the ChoiceKey software

Donkin, C., Brown, S.D., Heathcote, A. & Marley, A.A.J. (2009) Dissociating speed and accuracy in absolute identification: The effect of unequal stimulus spacing. Psychological Research, 73, 308-316.   pdf

Donkin, C., Heathcote, A., & Brown, S. (2009) Is the Linear Ballistic Accumulator Model Really the Simplest Model of Choice Response Times: A Bayesian Model Complexity Analysis. In A. Howes, D. Peebles, R. Cooper (Eds.), 9th International Conference on Cognitive Modeling - ICCM2009, Manchester, UK.   pdf

Donkin, C., Heathcote, A., Brown, S. & Andrews, S. (2009) Non-Decision Time Effects in the Lexical Decision Task. In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (Eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society. ISBN 978-0-9768318-5-3   pdf

Heathcote, A., Freeman, E., Etherington, J., Tonkin, J. & Bora, B. (2009) A dissociation between similarity effects in episodic face recognition Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 16, 824-831.   pdf

Karayanidis, F., Mansfield, E. L., Galloway, K.L., Smith, J.L., Provost, A. & Heathcote, A. (2009) Anticipatory reconfiguration elicited by fully and partially informative cues that validly predict a switch in task. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience, 9, 202-215.   pdf

Prince, M. & Heathcote, A. (2009) State-Trace Analysis of the Face Inversion Effect. In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (Eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 66-72). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society. ISBN 978-0-9768318-5-3   pdf

2008

Brown, S.D., & Heathcote, A. (2008) The simplest complete model of choice reaction time: Linear ballistic accumulation. Cognitive Psychology, 57, 153-178.   pdf   R-language software to implement the model

Brown, S.D., Marley, A.A.J., Donkin, C. & Heathcote, A. (2008) An integrated model of choices and response times in absolute identification. Psychological Review, 115(2), 396-425.   pdf   Click here to download the code for simulating SAMBA

Bucci, S., Startup, M., Wynn, P., Heathcote, A., Baker, A. & Lewin, T. J. (2008) Referential delusions of communication and reality discrimination deficits in psychosis. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 47, 323-334.   pdf

2007

Sutton, K., Heathcote, A. & Bore, M. (2007) Measuring 3D understanding on the web and in the laboratory. Behavior Research Methods, 39, 926-939.   pdf

2006

Heathcote, A., Ditton, E. & Mitchell, K. (2006) Word-frequency and word-likeness mirror effects in episodic recognition memory. Memory and Cognition, 34, 826-838.   pdf   Excel Data File

Heathcote, A., Raymond, F. & Dunn, J. (2006) Recollection and familiarity in recognition memory: Evidence from ROC curves Journal of Memory and Language, 55, 495-514.   pdf   Excel Data File

2005

Brown, S.D. & Heathcote, A. (2005) A ballistic model of choice response time. Psychological Review, 112, 117-128.   pdf

Brown, S.D. & Heathcote, A. (2005) Practice increases the efficiency of evidence accumulation in perceptual choice. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 31, 289-298.   pdf

Heathcote, A. & Elliott, D. (2005) Nonlinear dynamical analysis of noisy time series. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology and Life Sciences, 9, 399-433.   pdf

Nicholson, R., Karayanidis, F., Poboka, D., Heathcote, A. & Michie, P. T. (2005) Electrophysiological correlates of anticipatory task-switching processes. Psychophysiology, 42, 540-554.   pdf

Nicholson, R., Karayanidis, F., Poboka, D., Heathcote, A., Michie, P. (2005) Electrophysiological components associated with anticipatory task-switching processes. Psychophysiology, 42, 540-554

2004

Cousineau, D., Brown, S.D. & Heathcote, A. (2004) Fitting distributions using maximum likelihood: Methods and packages. Behaviour Research Methods, Instruments & Computers, 36, 742-756.   pdf

Heathcote, A. (2004) Fitting the Wald and Ex-Wald Distributions to Response Time Data. Behaviour Research Methods, Instruments & Computers, 36, 678-694. [Impact Factor: 0.73]   pdf

Heathcote, A., & Brown, S.D. (2004) Beyond curve fitting? Comment on Liu, Mayer-Kress and Newell. Journal of Motor Behavior, 36, 225-232.   pdf

Heathcote, A., & Brown, S.D. (2004) Reply to Speckman and Rouder: A theoretical basis for QML. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 11, 577.   pdf

Heathcote, A., Brown, S.D. & Cousineau, D. (2004) QMPE: Estimating Lognormal, Wald and Weibull RT distributions with a parameter dependent lower bound. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments & Computers, 36, 277-290.   pdf

2003

Brown, S.D. & Heathcote, A. (2003) Averaging learning curves across and within participants. Behaviour Research Methods, Instruments & Computers, 35, 11-21   pdf

Brown, S.D. & Heathcote, A. (2003) Bias in exponential and power function fits due to noise: Comment on Myung, Kim and Pitt. Memory and Cognition, 31, 656-661.   pdf

Brown, S.D., & Heathcote, A. (2003) QMLE: Fast, robust and efficient estimation of distribution functions based on quantiles. Behaviour Research Methods, Instruments & Computers, 35, 485-492.   pdf

Heathcote, A. (2003) Item recognition memory and the ROC. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 29, 1210-1230.   pdf

Sutton, K. & Heathcote, A. (2003) Acquisition of mental rotation skills. Australian Journal of Psychology Vol. 55, Issue Supplement, 93-93.

2002

Brown, S.D., & Heathcote, A. (2002) On the use of Nonparametric Regression in Assessing Parametric Regression Model. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 46, 716-730.   pdf

Heathcote, A. (2002) Book Review, An Introduction to the Art; Nonlinear Dynamics: Techniques and Applications in Psychology by R. A. Heath. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 9, 394-401.   pdf

Heathcote, A. & Brown, S.D. (2002) SEEXC: A model of response time in skill acquisition. Noetica, Cognitive Science Conference 2002 Papers.   pdf   Available Online

Heathcote, A., Brown, S.D. & Mewhort, D.J.K. (2002) Quantile Maximum Likelihood Estimation of Response Time Distributions. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 9, 394 401.   pdf   Appendix describing bias and power calculations and tabulated simulation results

Sheu, C-F., & Heathcote, A. (2002) A nonlinear regression approach to estimating signal detection models for rating data. Behaviour Research Methods, Instruments & Computers, 33, 108-114.   pdf

2001

Andrews, S., & Heathcote, A. (2001) Distinguishing common and task-specific processes in word identification: A matter of some moment? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 27, 514-544.   pdf

Kelly, A., Heathcote, A., Heath, R. A. & Longstaff, M. (2001) Response time dynamics: Evidence for linear and low-dimensional nonlinear structure in human choice sequences. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 54, 805-840.   pdf

2000

Heathcote, A., Brown, S.D. (2000) The law of practice and localist neural network models. In Page, M., Connectionist modelling in psychology: A localist Manifesto, Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 23, 479-480.   pdf

Heathcote, A., Brown, S.D. & Mewhort, D.J.K. (2000) Repealing the power law: The case for an exponential law of practice. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 7, 185-207.   pdf

Treloar, C., McCall, N., Rolfe, I., Pearson, S., Garvey, G., & Heathcote, A. (2000) Factors affecting progress of mainstream Australian and international students in a problem-based learning medical course. Medical Education, 34, 708-715.

1998

Heathcote, A. (1998) Neuromorphic models of response time. Australian Journal of Psychology, 50, 157-164.   pdf

1996

Heathcote, A. (1996) RTSYS: A computer program for analysing response time data. Behaviour Research Methods, Instruments & Computers, 28, 427-445.   pdf

1986

McNicol, D., Heathcote, A. (1986) Representation of Order Information: An Analysis of Grouping Effects In Short Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 115, No.1, 76-95   pdf